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Rain Water Harvesting
 
  Welcome to the world of Aqua Solutions 'Rain Water Harvesting'.  
  Water shortage has become a major social issue of concern. Water is the most essential commodity everybody is in need of but due to water scarcity we do face many problems. Rain Water Harvesting done in a systematic and scientific way can provide relief to all. Thru this system rain water is stored in aquifers during rainy season and the same can be utilised throughout the year. This harvested water can be used for various activities like washing clothes, washing utensils, washing floors, washing vehicles, gardening, wash rooms etc.  
 
Rain water Harvesting WATER IS LIFE.
 
Rain water Harvesting   We live on earth, where 2/3rd of surface is covered with water, but most of the water on earth is too salty to be useful for anything but sailing on.
Rain water Harvesting   Only 3.5% of the planets total surface water is fresh and most of that is frozen in the ice caps
Rain water Harvesting   A mere 0.01% is in a form suitable for direct human use: in streams, rivers, lakes and ground water aquafiers.
Rain water Harvesting   Between 1950 and 2009, global water demand increased 4 times and if the current trend persists, the demand for the water could exceed the availability supply within 30 years.
Rain water Harvesting   Global warming will further worsen the situation. There are likely to be more floods and storms and also more droughts and heat waves.
  Water is Life
Rain water Harvesting INDIAN SCENARIO
 
Indian Water Scenario  
Rain water Harvesting   Hindustan has more than 250 million city-dwellers. By 2020, about 50% of India's population is expected to be living in cities.
Rain water Harvesting   This is going to put further pressure on already strained water supply systems.
Rain water Harvesting   Today, the effects of existing water management system are clearly visible
  Rain water Harvesting   There is complete dependence on state or municipal corporation for any kind of water provision
  Rain water Harvesting   Most of the water basins are degraded and the rivers are polluted
  Rain water Harvesting   Ground water resources have been heavily overused
Rain water Harvesting WATER
 
Rain water Harvesting   The origin of all the things/living beings in the world
Rain water Harvesting   Cannot be substituted by anything else in the world
Rain water Harvesting   A strange natural resource, it can unite a community as easily as it can divide it
  Water
 
 
Rain water Harvesting SOLUTION
  Rain water Harvesting   HARVESTING RAINWATER
Rain water Harvesting SAVE RAINWATER : EVERY DROP COUNTS
 
Save Water  
Rain water Harvesting   30 drops saved in one minute is : 7.5ml
Rain water Harvesting   1800 drops saved in one hour is : 450ml
Rain water Harvesting   43700 drops saved in one day is : 10.8 lit
Rain water Harvesting   129600 drops saved in one month is : 324 lit
 
 
 
Rain water Harvesting WATER WORLD- THE GROUND WATER
  Rain water Harvesting   When rain falls to the ground, some of water flows along the surface in streams, lakes and sea, some of it is used by plants, some evaporates and returns to the atmosphere and some sinks into the ground.
  Rain water Harvesting   Ground water is water that is found underground in cracks and spaces in soils, sand and rocks.
  Rain water Harvesting   The area where water fills these spaces is called the ''saturated zone''. The top of this zone is called the ''water table''
  Rain water Harvesting   The water table may be deep or shallow depending upon heavy rains/extended periods of dry weather.
  Rain water Harvesting   Ground water is stored in-and moves slowly through-layers of soil, sand and rocks called ''aquifers''.
  Rain water Harvesting   Aquifers typically consists of gravel, sand, sandstone or fractured rock. These materials are permeable because they have large connected spaces that allow water to flow through.
  Rain water Harvesting   Water in aquifers is brought to the surface naturally through a spring or can be discharged into lakes and streams.
  Rain water Harvesting   This water can also be extracted through a well drilled into the aquifer. Shallow wells may go dry if the water table falls below the bottom of the well
  Rain water Harvesting   Ground water supplies are recharged by rain and snow melt. People face serious problem of water shortage, when the ground water is used faster than it is actually replenished.
  Rain water Harvesting   Ground water can be polluted by landfills, septic tanks, leaky underground gas tanks and from overuse of fertilizers and pesticides.
Rain water Harvesting   RAIN WATER HARVESTING ANCIENT PRACTICES
 
Rain Water Harvesting Ancient Practises  
Rain water Harvesting   For hundreds of years rural communities all over the world have been collecting rainwater where it falls: in their fields, in open tanks and in traditional wells.
Rain water Harvesting   It was a technology that was accepted and applied on a large scale in desserts, tribal regions and in the mountains.
Rain water Harvesting   With the development in the large, reliable water treatment and distribution systems, rain water harvesting systems have been all but forgotten.
 
 
Rain water Harvesting   RAIN WATER CONCEPT COMPARISON
 
Rain water Harvesting   Rainwater falling on the ground:
  Rain water Harvesting   Summer rain Almost 100% water evaporated
  Rain water Harvesting   Unseasonal rain About 80% evaporated. About 20% retained on the top layer of the soil
  Rain water Harvesting   Monsoon rain About 80% water flows into sea
   
 
 
 
Rain water Harvesting   PERCOLATION TO AQUIFER
  Rain water Harvesting   Summer rain Never reaches aquifer
  Rain water Harvesting   Unseasonal rain Doubtful in reaching aquifer
  Rain water Harvesting   Monsoon rain Slow to very slow percolation to aquifer
Rain water Harvesting   RAIN WATER HARVESTING- BENEFITS
 
Rain water Harvesting   Rainwater runoff is useful for gardening, nurseries, aquaculture, livestock watering.
Rain water Harvesting   Provides a source of water at the point where it is needed.
Rain water Harvesting   Provides an essential reserve in times of emergency and/or breakdown of public water supply systems.
Rain water Harvesting   It helps to conserve and augment the storage of ground water aquifers thereby improving the ground water table.
Rain water Harvesting   In coastal areas, over extraction of ground water leads to saline water intrusion. Recharging of the ground water aquifer helps to arrest the saline water intrusion.
Rain water Harvesting   Helps avoid inconvenient situations like flood and water stagnation.
Rain water Harvesting   The quality of ground water in many areas is either poor or not potable due to the presence of unfavorable hydro geological formations such as clay. Recharge of ground water helps to improve the water quality.
Rain water Harvesting   The construction is simple and of low cost, running costs are low and the technology (construction, operation and maintenance) is not labour intensive.
Rain water Harvesting   Availability of abundant water at very low cost.
  Rain Water Harvesting Benefits
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
       
Rain water Harvesting   To know Scientific Rain Water Harvesting as done by Aqua Solutions please click here...
 
 
 
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